In this article, we’re going to describe the fundamental knowledge of Cybersecurity and Cybersecurity Ultimate Beginner Guide that you need to know for starting your hacking career.
In today’s world, billions of people are on the Internet. Those billions of people have billions of pieces of information online. In between, a lot of information is public and a lot of information is private. Now if someone enters the personal account or network or server of that person or organization to steal, destroy, delete or temporarily change the information of that person or organization without permission, causing harm to that person or organization. This process is called Hacking and the person who manages this process is simply called a Hacker.
Cybersecurity Ultimate Beginner Guide Instructions
There are basically 3 types of Hackers-
- Black Hat Hacker
- White Hat Hacker
- Gray Hat Hacker
Black Hat Hacker
Black Hat Hackers are involved in all the criminal activities in the cyber world. All these hackers work for personal gain or satisfaction. They infiltrate someone’s server or computer without permission to detect vulnerabilities in various systems or networks and capture various sensitive information on that computer or server.
Either they destroy or destroy databases of different systems or spread different types of malware viruses or they create different backdoors so that they can later gain access to that server or computer, which causes a lot of damage to a customer.
There are different types of black hat hackers, such as – many hackers harm the state, many hackers harm another country, and many hackers work for a specific community. However, at the end of the day, the main purpose of these black hat hackers is to achieve personal interests.
White Hat Hacker
White Hat Hackers are those hackers who hack into various systems or servers with permission and find out the vulnerabilities of that system, inform the owner of that system so that the system does not fall victim to any further cyber attack. Another key feature of white hat hackers is that they provide security of various sensitive information from the attacks of black hat hackers.
White hat hackers are never linked to cybercrime. White hat hackers work with their government in each country or work with different organizations or work individually. Their main job is to provide the highest security in the cyber world. These types of hackers are also called Ethical Hackers.
Gray Hat Hacker
Gray hat hackers tend to be a little different in nature. They like to work independently or uninterruptedly. They enter a system as a hobby without permission and find out the various technical weaknesses of that system. They may or may not inform the system owner of their system vulnerabilities if they wish. It depends entirely on his willpower. Gray hat hackers can break into those systems if they want to or steal data from there or demand money in exchange for the data and they can be the assistant of the owner of that system if they want.
However, most of the features of these types of hackers are that they do these things as a hobby, their purpose is not to steal data or steal money. However, since they enter someone’s server without permission, it is dangerous, so they are also called black hat hackers. Since they do not do any special harm but inform the owner of the system about it, they also fall under the white hat hacker. And since they are moderates between black hat hackers and white hat hackers, they are called gray hat hackers.
There are also many types of hackers-
Neophyte or nob
These are very beginner-level hacking students. They have basic education or knowledge about different hacking techniques, hacking tools, software, and different technologies.
Script Kiddie hackers are not big hackers. They do not have good programming skills. They can’t make different hacking tools, they can do hacking with other tools. They are not skilled at hiding their own identities even after hacking or damaging a system.
This part is also called Black Hat Hacker. Crackers are capable of creating various malicious software or tools. They even can break access to various systems or servers. This type of hacker is considered very important in the cyber world.
Elite hackers are said to be the head of the hacker world. This type of hacker does not waste time at all for normal hacking. They are very skilled at hacking. All the hacking tools in the world are often invented by this category of hackers. They have detailed knowledge of programming, networking, database, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, big data, etc.
They invent various new techniques of hacking. They also use their hacking skills to solve various important problems. These elite class hackers work mostly with various secret or intelligence agencies of the state. They are considered Elite hackers like Kevin Mitnick, Gary McKinnon, Michael Kells, Albert Gonzalez, Andrian Lamo, and so on.
Hacktivists use various hacking strategies online to bring about political, religious, and social change. They made their debut in 1994 through a hacking group called “Cult of the Dead Cow”. They are also associated with various activities related to freedom of speech, human rights, or freedom of information movement.
State Hacker – State/Nation Sponsored Hackers
From the name, it is clear what kind of hacker they are. They are mainly run by the state. Ensuring various cyber security of the state, solving various internal online crimes, providing security to various important banks or digital media of the state are the main tasks of this class.
Medium of Hacking:
Simply, all types of machines connected online can be victims of hacking. It is often impossible to say exactly which devices or machines or servers are hacked. The information on different servers can be hacked, different banks and their ATM booths can be hacked, IoT devices can be hacked, mobiles, computers, tabs, smartwatches, etc. can be hacked. The software is using on your mobile or PC can also be a victim of hacking.
Ways to avoid Hacking:
- Personal awareness is the highest priority because one statistic said the majority of hacking victims are unaware online users
- Refrain from accessing any unfamiliar links or sites
- Stopping access to forwarding culture and various interesting sites on social media
- Avoid unfamiliar free Wi-Fi and Stop using unfamiliar apps or software
- Check if there are any vulnerabilities on your computer or server
- Do not upload pictures of your national identity card or passport on social media
- Be careful when sharing your online resources with anyone, such as number, email, address, site, etc.
- Under no circumstances can your password be shared with anyone
- Always keep a strong password on your mobile or PC, if possible provide two-step security
- Using different passwords on different sites
- Enter your password in such a way that it is not easy to guess
- Using paid antivirus for the security of your system, under no circumstances can anything be used for free
- Always keep your system updated
- When you sell your PC or mobile, you must first delete all your traces
- Always keep a backup of your important data
- Aware of your subordinates about cyber security
- When your work will be finished with PC, must be disconnected from the Internet
What do you need to know about Hacking?
There are no specific rules for hacking. The better you know the technology, the better you can be a great hacker. it’s all depends on you, how good a hacker you want to be. Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person. there is some important requirement that makes you a good hacker–
- You must have to know computer basic skills well
- Must have a good idea about computer networking
- Need to know about different operating systems like Windows, iOS, Linux, etc.
- Need to know about computer programming like Java, Python, etc.
- Need to know about the database management system
- Need to know detailed knowledge about internet search engine
- Need to know about Google Dork and Advanced Keywords
- Need to know detailed knowledge about wireless technology, scripting, web applications, cryptography
- Also need to know detailed knowledge about computer forensic reverse engineering, social engineering, etc.
- Patience, willpower, keen interest, ability to observe, not underestimating targets, etc. are the main qualities of a good hacker.
The Concept of Ethical Hacking:
Ethical Hacking is ethical or legal hacking, that’s means all types of hacking that have certain rules or ethics can be called Ethical Hacking. We have already learned about the characteristics of different types of hackers above. also learned that many hackers enter someone’s server without permission, break the system of that server, and do not steal information from there. this means that these types of hackers have different ethics and these types of hackers are called ethical hackers.
Many people also know it as White Hat Hacker. When ethical hackers work for different companies or organizations, they provide maximum security to that company or organization. Provides security of company data from any kind of malicious hacker attack.
As the world enters the digital age, the main tool of this age is data and billions of dollars are spent every year on data security. So it can be said with great interest that the demand for ethical hackers will never decrease.
Here is some important Hacking learning website:
Cyber Crime and Criminal
Countless people are using the internet in today’s online world. There is a vast amount of information available online about these countless people. countless criminal activities are being organized based on this information. Millions of Google searches, millions of texts, millions of logins are done every minute on the internet. Get an idea of what happens in 1 minute on the internet.
Let’s know the total population of this world who are using the internet and their online behavior, from Data Reportal. Also get an idea about the number of mobile users, the number of internet users, and how active they are through social media.
Cybercrime is a type of crime that directly or indirectly involves electronic devices and the Internet. In other words, any kind of crime through digital is a cybercrime. Cybercrime can include intentionally threatening someone, leaking someone’s personal information, stealing someone’s online resources, spamming, threatening to k*ll someone, blackmailing someone, obscene or offensive content, violating copyright laws, and so on. Every country in the world has this cybercrime and every country has different laws and punishments for this cybercrime.
There are three types of Cybercrime:
Cyber Crime against People: This category includes cyber harassment, threatening someone, leaking someone’s personal information, stealing someone’s online resources, spreading child p*rnogr*phy, online cheating, etc.
Cyber Crime against Property: This category includes DDOS attacks, hacking, virus transmission, cyber and typo squatting, computer vandalism, copyright infringement, and IPR violations, cybersquatting, etc.
Cyber Crime against Government: when cybercrime is committed against a government, it is considered an attack on the sovereignty of that country. This category includes hacking, access to confidential information, cyber w*rfare, cyber terr*rism, etc. There is also another category called Crime against Society where crimes are committed against a particular race or organization.